Enactment of the Assisted Reproductive Treatment Act (Vic) 2008 in January 2010 allowed single persons and same sex couples in Victoria to access reproductive treatments. The utilisation and acceptance of ART by single women and lesbian couples is increasing and in this context, it is important to identify the impact on ART resources. The objective of this study was to observe trends in ART use amongst single women and lesbian couples prior to and following the change in legislation and to identify the type of treatment utilised (IVF or AI) and the type of sperm used (anonymous or known donor). A retrospective cohort analysis of patients accessing ART after January 2010 showed that there was 103% increase in the utilisation of ART amongst single women and a 245% increase in the lesbian couple population. This demonstrated a rapidly expanding patient base for ART exists amongst these populations. Both groups were more likely to utilise anonymous donor sperm with 90.8% of treatment cycles using this source.
The results of this study were featured in the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Reference: Fiske E, Weston G. Utilisation of ART in single women and lesbian couples since the 2010 change in Victorian legislation. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2014 Oct;54(5):497-9.
The results for this project were presented at the 5th congress of the Asia Pacific Initiative on Reproduction 2014 and were published in the journal Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in 2014.